Movement Disorders

Learn more about movement disorders and treatments here.

Brain Tumors

Learn more about brain tumors and treatments here.


Hydrocephalus occurs when a buildup of excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is present in the cavities that contain fluid in the brain. It often increases pressure in the head. 

Young / Middle-Aged Adult Symptoms

  • Difficulty waking up or remaining awake
  • Headache 
  • Coordination or balance deterioration 
  • Problems controlling bladder
  • Vision and cognitive skills are impaired 

Senior Adult Symptoms

  • Coordination or balance deterioration 
  • Loss of memory 
  • Headache
  • Problems controlling bladder 

Potential Causes

  • Genetic inheritance
  • Association with developmental disorders (spina bifida, encephalocele)
  • Brain bleeding 
  • Brain tumors
  • Head injuries 
  • Premature birth complications  (diseases, infections, hemorrhage)
  • Blocked flow of cerebrospinal fluid

Treatment Options


Temporarily control intracranial pressure through drugs such as acetazolamide and furosemide

Minimally Invasive Nico BrainPath

Dr. Patel was one of the first neurosurgeons trained in the country , and is now one the few in Central Texas to use the minimally invasive endoscopic Nico BrainPath surgical technique. 

Frameless Deep Brain Stimulator

Dr. Patel is one of the only neurosurgeons in Austin that currently performs the NexFrame frameless Deep Brain Stimulator for people with movement disorders such as Parkinson’s. He is one of six on-site, training physicians in the country for this procedure.

Other surgical options

There are many surgical options available to treat each case individually. Central Texas Brain & Spine also utilizes the following brain surgery techniques.

  • Functional/Stereotaxic Surgery
  • Endoscopic Brain Surgery
  • Endoscopic Transphenoidal
  • Resection of Complex Brain Tumor
  • Micro Vascular Decompression for Trigeminal Neuralgia
  • Gamma Knife
  • Cyber Knife Brain Lab Stereotaxic Radiosurgery
  • Hemorrhagic Stroke
  • Endoscopic Port Surgery with Fiber Tracking
  • Visualase Ablation Treatment
  • Vagal Nerve Stimulation
  • Aneurysm
  • Vascular Malformation
  • CSF Shunting Procedure
  • Skull Base Surgery
  • Extended Transnasal Approaches
  • Craniotomy